عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Existence is the starting point for proving the world being created. Visible creatures in the world are possible which are the effect of these changes, and for all there must be a cause. Since God is the primary existence and absolute perfection, it is necessarily the cause of everything that exists. Theologians call this "ex-nihilo". In their views, whether the world is temporal or eternal, it has been created by God. The world has been created accrording to the science of God which is, therefore, a free Act. In addition, the only end through which we can imagine the will of God is his special existence. Hence, creation is God's grace. The casual and independent creation are specific to God, because only God is existence and his essence is the same. Theologians in response to the question of If God has created the world based on perfection where the evil originates from state that evil can not basically be found in the world, and what is considered as evil is non-existence, conditioned and accidental. This paper is aimed at discussing the issue of creation from point of view of Muslim and Christian theologians and thinkers, especially Aquinas and Allame Tabataba'i. Despite the differences in the Christian theology of the medieval centuary and the Islamic theology, in principle, they are so close because both theologies revolve around Allah though Christian theologians and thinkers of the medieval centuary knew and used the works of the Islamic theologians such as Avicenna andAI-Farabi. Therefore, they share a similar theme and linguistic style.