عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) carried out the greatest revolution in history. He annihilated all the political institutions, social, moral, cultural and religious communities and replaced new institutions in order to cause a massive upheaval among the Arabs. After the demise of the holy Prophet (PBUH), Umayyads extended their influence in the administration of the Islamic community which became the principal source of the formation of later developments in the process of Islamic history. Meanwhile, they re-laid the foundation of novel ignorance. The main research questions here are how Umayyads, who are the chief enemies of Islam, infiltrated into the top management officials of the Islamic Society and who provided the opportunity for them and hold them responsible for sensitive positions which paved the way for the hereditary monarchy.