عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Burhan-e Scddighin (the demonstration of the righteous) is a good sample of the philosophical questions. The analysis of its metamorphosis and development represents the profound thoughts of the Muslim philosophers in innovating and offering a subtle criterion for this argument and getting closer to the religious injunctions or "God must be know» by God"; Buhran-c Seddighin. Avicenna's attempts were based on developing an argument according to the principles of ontology for not being in need of the principals of cosmology. Mulla Sadra holds that the arguments of Avicenna is not merely based on the principles of ontology since he has also taken advantage of spiritualism. The arguments of Sheikh c- Eshragh arc based on the principles of cosmology while the arguments of lbnc Arrabi's followers are according to the mystical contemplation of unity. Mulla Sadra's attempts have failed in giving a demonstration only based on the principles of ontology because his thought framework was limited to thinking about existence-essence; ontological thoughts. Allameh Tabataba'i has refuted this thought style or framework by setting up his demonstration of the righteous not according to the principles of ontology or cosmology but establishing it merely based on the rejection of the complaints and approval of the fundamental of the truth.