عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
" Islam is founded upon being an international and the final religion. These two foundations require the preparation of the groundwork for achieving these goals. To this end, one of the important measures is that even after revelation and prophethood culminate; successors to the Noble Prophet(s) must exist. These successors clarify the divine scripture an<l the eternal miracle of the Final Prophet and are the leaders of the human. The progeny of the Prophet has been introduced by the Prophet himself as Quran's justice and one of the two wings needed to achieve the aforementioned goals. Despite the emphasis of Quran and efforts of the prophet for clarifying the issue of succession, it was deviated from its course due to the conspiracy organized during the beginning stages of Islam. The political and theological debates about imamate became intense and full of dispute. These differences of opinion caused irreparable harm to the Islamic nation and deviated lslam from its main course. In the contemporary world, 14 centuries after the final divine religion was presented, the Islamic nation has been split into 72 sects due to such disputes. Therefore, rhe necessity for the existence of an Imam and Islamic unity revolve around a unified concept.