عنوان مقاله [English]
Self-awareness has ontological, and anthropological foundations. The main ontological foundations of the Quran are categorized in two groups: the foundations of abstract and material entities. The most important abstract foundations are monotheism and believing in God, the existence of invisible creatures, and the outcome, and the major material foundations are the creation of the universe, the creation of the universe for man and the purpose of universe. From the holy Quran’s perspective, each of these foundations affects self-awareness. The foundations of monotheism have a direct relationship with self-awareness. God regards remembering himself as the main cause of insight and self-awareness, and Allah sees His forgetfulness by the creatures as a reason for absent-mindedness and insufficient as well as difficult subsistence in the world and blindness in the hereafter. Knowing Angels and Satan helps human to understand the existence of the abstract beings and find out his abstract qualities by observing the influence of these creatures in human life. In this way, human beings can develop balanced self-awareness in their material and spiritual capacities. Also, faith in the Resurrection Day and friendship are directly related to self-awareness, which plays a major role in the awakening of the human and leads to pure actions, avoidance of hypocrisy and ostentation. And the material foundations raise human awareness of his power in understanding the world and, yet of his inability to understand his incompetence to creator and creation.