عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Scientific centers that lay the ground for the development of science and the education of scientists are of great importance and are among the remarkable achievements of a culture and civilization. This paper compares the educational systems and scientific centers of the Buyids and the Seljuqs with regard to their efficiency and religious leniency and prejudice. Therefore, we first examine the fundamental elements of the educational systems of these two governmental systems and then investigate the efficiency, religious leniency and prejudice of these two as well as the development of their scientific centers and the outcome of their educational systems. The rulers of the Buyid family would treat other religions with leniency, whereas the rulers of Seljukian had a bigoted attitude and would support Shāfi’ism and Hanafism. Their diverse religious policies had impact upon their scientific centers such as mosques, (dervish) monasteries, observatories, libraries, hospitals, houses of science, schools as well as the educational systems of these centers including their textbooks and selection of their teachers and students.